How Can Calcium Deficiency Cause Osteoporosis?


Osteoporosis is a dangerous disease as it shows effects only after degeneration. Osteoporosis can cause several inconveniences in daily life and other seriously detrimental effects to our body, even death. The good news is by simply adding calcium and vitamin D to our diet, we can effectively prevent this disease.

1. Understanding osteoporosis

1.1 What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is one of the bone diseases, happening when our bones become weak and so are easier to break.

On a daily basis, the old bone cells die out, and new cells are borne and into our bones its place. As we age, this process decreases in frequency, resulting in the lower newly-borne cells put into our bones everyday.

While it is normal to experience the decrease in bone health as we get older, if we do not take steps to slow down this process we might have osteoporosis.

People with osteoporosis experience breaking of bones, bones & muscles degeneration, prolonged aching, the worst case is death, and countless inconveniences in daily life.

1.2 Vietnam’s current state of the osteoporosis disease

The WHO once referred to the decade of 2011-2022 as “the decade of bone diseases”. From enormous health science reports, the organization indicates that more and more younger people are having bone diseases worldwide.

Vietnam is not irrelevant to mentioned trend. By estimation, Vietnam is also on the top list of countries with high rate of bone diseases.

In recent years, 20% more people generally and 30% more people aged above 35 year-old are having bone diseases in Vietnam. This says that 3 out of every 10 people have osteoporosis these days. (1)

1.3 Causes of osteoporosis

Causes of osteoporosis come from 02 groups.

Group of causes that you cannot control:

  • Age: as we age, we are more likely to have osteoporosis
  • Hormone & gender: females have smaller bones and lose bone cells faster than males and thus results in higher risk of osteoporosis (especially with the decrease of hormones after menopause)
  • Ethnicity: white & Asian women have higher change to get osteoporosis while Hispanic & African American women have much lower risks
  • Family history: you are likely to have osteoporosis if one of your family members do

Group of causes that you cannot control:

  • Diet: not calcium & vitamin D significantly increase your bone diseases. The role of Vitamin D is to help the body process the calcium from your diet.
  • Physical activity: just like muscles, bones become stronger with daily exercise. Lack of physical exercising and not being active for too long seriously lower your bone health.
  • Body weight: ****osteoporosis are more likely to happen to people with body.
  • Smoking, alcohol, and medicines: when used in high frequency can cause deficiency in essential nutrients such as calcium, vitamin D, etc, and can potentially cause disruption of hormones for women. (which can lead to premature menopause that reduces hormones production)

2. Calcium deficiency causing osteoporosis

Everyday, the old bone cells die out, and new cells are borne and into our bones its place.

Studies confirm Vietnamese people’s diet usually lack calcium by 50% as compared to standard requirements. The effects on bone are augmented also for Vietnamese people’s high consumption of alcohols and cigarettes. (2)

Calcium also plays the role of maintaining body function. When we do not intake calcium sufficiently, our body extracts the calcium inside bones to supply for body function maintaining. Excretion is also a body activity that outlet certain amount of calcium from our bones. (3)

Therefore, supplementing calcium daily is without saying essential to prevent bone diseases and osteoporosis.

Calcium deficiency – popular in Vietnam, is largely accountable for the high rate of people having osteoporosis. Supplementing calcium on a daily basis is a simple measure but helps a lot to effectively prevent osteoporosis.

3. Preventing osteoporosis everyday

3.1 Nutritious diets

Maintaining a nutritious diets daily is key in taking care of your bone health. Particularly, you need to ensure adequate intake of calcium & vitamin D.

Foods rich in calcium: dairy products (milk, cheese, butter, yogurt, etc), beans & green-leaf vegetables, pilchard

Read more: Best Times to Drink Milk, Based on Different Purposes

Recommended daily consumption of calcium & vitamin D

Source: Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, 2010.

Foods rich in vitamin D include egg yolks, saltwater fish, liver, and milk with vitamin D.

Daily foods that are calcium & vitamin D supplemented (cereals, juice, etc) are also recommended.

3.2 Healthy lifestyle

A good, healthy lifestyle is also key to protect your health.

You are advised not to consume any alcohols, cigarettes, and stimulants.

Just like your muscles, daily exercising is also needed to make bones “stay in shape”. You are advised to exercise at least 30 mins a day.

3.3 Bone check-up

Proactively seek for medical check for bone density whenever you feel signs decreasing bone health (pain, fatigue, etc) for recommendation over treatments is important to prevent bone health from complicating.


scroll top